2 Samuel 17:1-14, Psalm 89:20-37 & Mark 6:30-34, 53-56
It will come as no surprise to regular readers that the images of God that resonate with me most are the especially transcendent and lofty ones. I’m not as much into thinking of God as dad or daddy, and I shun systematic theologians’ notions of God as circle-dance, living system or “they.” That said, I love reading the stories about when God is especially intimate and relates personally with God’s people. This week’s readings point to a God, and God-revealed-through-Jesus who choose to engage in service to humans rather than attend to fulfilling divine honor or personal comfort. In so doing, God stresses parental affection.
In the David narrative from 2 Samuel, David reflects on all the splendor that God brought him and his transition from sleeping in the open as a lowly shepherd to living in a palace of cedar. David wanted to build a similar structure for God. The court prophet, Nathan, spoke hastily and told David that whatever he had in his heart, he should do. Later that evening, God corrected Nathan. God said that God had traveled around with God’s people, and dwelt in a tent (2 Sam 7:6) like they did. This is incredibly intimate. The God who made the universe, the King of Heaven, somehow lived in a tent in the center of the Israelite camp. It was an especially nice tent, to be sure (See Exodus 26). But it was a tent nonetheless, where all the Israelites could expect to find God living in their midst.
God went on to tell Nathan that God would make David’s name great and give him an eternal dynasty. And then, expanding the vision, God said that God would provide for the Israelites a secure home. They would no longer be harassed or oppressed by wicked people who stole their peace (2 Sam 7:10-11). In making these statements, God makes it clear that love of God’s people, rather than desire for worship, is the driving force behind God’s relationship with the beloved community. God did not have a temple made of rock or cedar, even as the people were settled into homes. This about this: The homes of the people were more comfortable than God’s home-on-earth. But God’s primary concerns were not in a building, but in making sure that God’s friend, the man after God’s own heart, knew he was loved and that the community would be freed from violent harassment and oppression.
Psalms 89 furthers the idea of God choosing to serve rather than be served. God makes David a messiah [anointed one] (Ps 89:20), God uses the divine arm to strengthen and sustain David (Ps 89:21) and, again, prevents evildoers from oppressing David or the Israelite people (Ps 89:22).
The context of this psalm is in the years after David, trying to remind God of God’s promises when they looked to have been neglected. The psalmist intensified God’s words to the prophet Nathan back to God in order to engender familial love. God told Nathan that David’s son [who built the temple] will also be God’s son, and that God will be his father (2 Sam 7:14). The Psalmist said that David would call God “father” and that God would appoint David as God’s firstborn (Ps 89:26-27). This language, again is indicative of a loving, serving relationship that God has with God’s beloveds. At least in these texts, it is not based on worship, or even faithfulness by the humans (2 Sam 7:14-16 & Ps 89:30-33). Rather God chose to bless, love and serve.
Jesus chose also to set aside his needs and his disciples’ needs in order to serve the people who came to him. As I’ve said before, Mark’s gospel points at how Jesus was frequently overwhelmed by crowds. After the death of John the Baptizer, when his disciples had returned and were telling him all about their exploits, the crowds got to be too much so that they couldn’t even eat. Jesus invited his core disciples to come with him to an isolated place so that they could rest away from the crowds (and presumably have a bite to eat) (Mark 6:31). Think about the scene. Jesus was mourning the murder of his relative, who I and many other scholars argue had been not just family, but also mentor to Jesus in the years before his public ministry began. His disciples came back and were feeling excited and wanted to share every story and detail with their mentor. But because of the press and noise of the crowd, they couldn’t think, speak or eat! No wonder Jesus wanted to go to a quiet place!
But because they only sailed about one/fifth of the way around the Sea of Galilee, people were able to watch and keep up with their progress. By the time they landed, a crowd larger than the one they had left was already assembled waiting for them (Mark 6:33). I would be furious and would straight away have pointed my boat back to the region of the Geras[h]ims [more on that later]. But Mark tells us that Jesus was moved with compassion (Mark 6:34). Everyone’s favorite Greek word ἐσπλαγχνίσθη means his gut-feelings moved him. Jesus felt a strong wave of emotions which compelled him to ignore his own goal of a little rest time for him and his closest disciples. Instead he fed the people with his teachings, and then later with miraculously multiplied bread and fish. The reading closes with yet another story of Jesus crossing the Kinneret and being mobbed by people who wanted to touch him. That sounds like a nightmare for an introvert like me. But Jesus kept showing up for the people, even when his own stated desire was to get away. He chose humble service rather than comfort.
In thinking about how God chooses to serve God’s beloved, I am reminded of one of my favorite passages from the Talmud:
Rabbi Chama son of Rabbi Chanina taught, “What does it mean, ‘You shall walk after the LORD your God’? Is it possible for a human being to walk after the Shechinah [Holy Spirit of God]? Has it not been said, ‘For the LORD your God is a consuming fire’ (Deut 4:24)? It means to walk in the ways of the Holy One, blessed be He. Just as He clothes the naked, as it is written, ‘The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them,’ (Gen 3:21) so too should you also clothe the naked. The Holy One, blessed be He, visited the sick, as it is written, ‘Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre’ [while he was still recovering from circumcision] (Gen 18:1), so too should you also visit the sick. The Holy One, blessed be He, comforted mourners, as it is written, ‘After the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac,’ (Gen 25:11) so too should you also comfort mourners. The Holy one, blessed be He, buried the dead, as it is written, ‘And He buried him in the valley in the land of Moab,’ (Deut 34:6) so too should you also bury the dead.” (b.Sotah 14a)
The commands from the Talmud are strikingly similar to Jesus’ instruction in Matthew 25 to clothe the naked, visit the sick and those in prison, feed the hungry and welcome the foreigner. If God and God-made-visible-through-Jesus can be uncomfortable in service to others, we must also hold loving service higher than our own comfort.